Charles and Ray Eames created the lounge chair La Chaise for a competition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The 'Floating Figure' sculpture by Gaston Lachaise, whose voluminous shape has obvious affinities with the Eameses' lounge chair, inspired its name. This expansive piece of furniture allows a wide range of sitting and reclining positions and has long established itself as an icon of organic design.
Charles & Ray Eames
Charles Eames, born 1907 in St. Louis, Missouri, studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis and opened his own office together with Charles M. Gray in 1930. In 1935 he founded another architectural firm with Robert T. Walsh. After receiving a fellowship in 1938 from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, he moved to Michigan and joined the faculty the following year. In 1940, he and Eero Saarinen won first prize for their joint entry in the competition 'Organic Design in Home Furnishings' organised by the New York Museum of Modern Art. During the same year, Eames became head of the department of industrial design at Cranbrook, and in 1941 he married Ray Kaiser.